Circassienne Fashion: Punk style from XVIII sec

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«Fu Mademoiselle Aïssé la donna che lanciò la grottesca tendenza vestimentaria denominata robe à la circassienne. Il suo destino segnò la storia del costume in modo eccezionale: proveniente dalla Circassia, nella zona del Caucaso, bella e insofferente, fu
acquistata al mercato degli schiavi a Costantinopoli dall’ambasciatore di Francia Monsieur de Ferriol. Il suo abito era aperto sul davanti e caratterizzato da ben tre cordoni per essere rialzato sino alla caviglia, maniche più corte di quelle della sottoveste, che invece aveva una cascata di pizzi che giungeva sino al polso.

Ottenuto con tessuti a forti cromie contrastanti e adornato da strisce e inserti animalier, lo stile circassienne anticipò di secoli nella propria essenza lo spirito del punk della seconda metà del Novecento.

Aggressività e stupore, rottura con gli eleganti schemi di uno stile perbenista, origine suburbana sono solo alcune delle affinità che in un volo pindarico congiungono due mondi apparentemente lontanissimi tra loro.»

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«Mademoiselle Aïssé was the woman which launched the grotesque trend called robe à la circassienne. Her destiny signed the history of costume in an exceptional way: coming from the Circassia, in the area of the Caucasus, beautiful and impatient, she was purchased at the slave market in Constantinople by the ambassador of France Monsieur de Ferriol.

Her dress was open at the front and featured from three cords to be raised up to the ankle, sleeves more short of those of the petticoat, which instead had a cascade of lace that cames to the wrist.

Obtained with fabrics with strong colors contrasting and adorned with stripes and animal inserts, the Circassian style she anticipated centuries in its essence the spirit of the punk of the second half of the twentieth century.

Aggression and amazement, break with the elegant schemes of a respectable style, suburban origin they are just some of the affinities that in a pindaric flight  join two worlds apparently very distant between them.»

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Stripes & Disorders from fashion in 1914 – 1915

 

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Quello della striscia come motivo ornamentale o pattern per indumenti merita una riflessione approfondita. Mi limito qui, in sintesi, a farvi riflettere sul ruolo che questa geometria assume nel campo della semiologia e quindi della storia del costume. La riga, la striatura, la striscia, riveste il corpo interrompendo in modo violento un “tutto” sottoesposto generando così in chi guarda l’abito – e allora chi lo indossa – un senso di confusione, misto a eccitazione e persino ricusazione. Come il simbolo di un divieto, quello di un’allerta, o come una sbarra che impedisce un passaggio, la striscia nel suo consueto bicolore, cattura l’attenzione spezzando la regola dell’uniforme: irriverente e ribelle diviene alla moda intorno al 1914 – 1915, e non a caso. La Belle Époque con la sua sfrenatezza cancella il ruolo della donna “angelo del focolare” in virtù di una nuova figura emancipata, pronta a riprendere il proprio ruolo sociale. I venti di guerra poi, soffiano tra le strade delle città, profumando l’aria di polvere da sparo. La riga così spunta violenta dalle tele di Egon Schiele e dagli abiti di Paul Poiret, comparendo sui vestiti delle signore alla moda, simbolo del tempo nuovo e della pericolosità di quello futuro.

That of the stripe as an ornamental motif or garment pattern deserves a thorough reflection. In short, I limit myself here to reflect on the role that this geometry assumes in the field of semiology and therefore of the history of customs. The line, the streak, the strip, covers the body violently interrupting a “whole” underexposed thus generating in the viewer the dress – and then the wearer – a sense of confusion, mixed with excitement and even rejection. As the symbol of a ban, that of an alert, or like a bar that prevents a passage, the strip in its usual two-color, catches the attention breaking the rule of the uniform: irreverent and rebel becomes fashionable around 1914 – 1915, and not by chance. The Belle Époque with its wilderness cancels the role of the woman “angel of the hearth” by virtue of a new emancipated figure, ready to resume its social role. The winds of war then, blow through the streets of the city, smelling the air of gunpowder. The line so violent check on the clothes of fashionable ladies, symbol of the new time and the danger of the future.

Portrait of Edith Schiele in a Striped Dress - Egon Schiele, 1915

Egon Schiele Portrait of Edith Schiele in a Striped Dress – 1915

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger quadro schiele arte museo lgano ferrara piacenza

Egon Schiele and wife Edith (muse) with Striped Dress Sitting, ca 1915. – artwork by Schiele 1915 – Emilie Louise Flöge – 1914 – wearing one of Gustav Klimt’s dress shirts that he made just for her

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger

Matisse – Striped Jacket, 1914

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Viv in Blue Stripe, 1914 – Robert Henri (

llustration de mode française Georges Barbier petit manteau de velours dans costumes parisiens 1914 stripes

French Illustration by Georges Barbierfor Costumes Parisiens – 1914

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The Delineator – July 1914

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Fashion Plate from The Delineator – July 1914

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger photography rivista

The Modern Priscilla, October 1915

Les Modes (Paris) 1914 Costume tailleur par Redfern

Les Modes, Paris – 1914 Costume tailleur by Redfern

Les Modes (Paris) 1914 Robe d'apres-midi par Zimmermann

Les Modes, Paris – 1914 Robe d’apres-midi byZ immermann

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1914 c. fashion for a day at the races

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Olga Skott Vänersborg – 1914, by K & A Vikner – Vänersborg Museum

1915 a fool there was

Theda Bara in a scene from the film ‘A Fool There Was’ 1915

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Theda Bara in a scene from the film ‘A Fool There Was’ 1915

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