Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun: when art meets fashion

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Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun (1755-1842) è senza dubbio la più significativa artista donna nella Francia del Rococò. Emancipata, dotata di una raffinata bellezza e di un talento straordinario, ha ritratto personaggi illustri e alla moda durante il regno di Maria Antonietta proseguendo nel periodo Neoclassico. Ho selezionato alcune sue opere analizzando dettagli che raccontano stili e tendenze sorprendenti.

Elisabeth Vigée Le Brun (1755-1842) is undoubtedly the most significant female artist in Rococo France. Emancipated, endowed with a refined beauty and an extraordinary talent, she portrayed illustrious and fashionable characters during the reign of Marie Antoinette, continuing in that Neoclassical period that is very present in the artist’s canvases. I have selected some of her works by analyzing amazing details.

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Marie-Antoinette en grand habit de cour - 1778 - Elisabeth Louis

Marie-Antoinette en grand habit de cour 1778 Elisabeth Louise Vigée

Marie-Antoinette en grand habit de cour - 1778 - Elisabeth Louise Vigée baroque

1794 Aglae de Gramont, née de Polignac, duchesse de Guiche by Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun

Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, La duchesse de Guise, 1794

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun seflportrait

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun sefl-portrait 1781

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun seflportrait 1781 self portrait earring blog fashion history storia moda luciano lapadula wordpress

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun, Gabrielle Yolande Claude Martine de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, 1782

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun, Gabrielle Yolande Claude Martine de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, 1782

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun, Gabrielle Yolande Claude Martine de Polastron, duchesse de Polignac, 1782 hat straw flowers moda storia luciano lapadula blog blogger history fashion

elisabeth-louise_vigc3a9e_le_brun_-_portrait_of_marie_gabrielle_de_gramont_duchesse_de_caderousse_-_google_art_project

Portrait of Marie Gabrielle de Gramont, Duchesse de Caderousse, 1784 — Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun

PORTRAIT OF MARIE GABRIELLE DE GRAMONT DUCHESSE DE CADEROUSSE fashion history storia della moda art artwork blog blogger luciano lapadula

Baroness Bonne-Marie-Joséphine-Gabrielle Bernard de Boulainvilli

La Baronne de Crussol, 1785 Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Le brun

La Baronne de Crussol, 1785 Elisabeth Louise Vigee-Lebrun det fashion bodice red dress luciano lapadula art blog blogger history fashion moda storia

Elisabeth Louise Vigee Lebrun And Her Daughter 1789

Madame Vigée-Lebrun and her daughter Jeanne Lucie Louise – 1789

Elisabeth Louise Vigee Lebrun And Her Daughter 1789 neoclassis direttorio

Portrait of Count Grigory Chernyshev with a Mask in His Hand 1793

Portrait of Count Grigory Chernyshev with a Mask in His Hand, 1793

Portrait of Count Grigory Chernyshev with a Mask in His Hand 1793 fashion luciano lapadula blog blogger magazine history moda storia scrittore

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Annunci

Hairstyles Revival in time

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Le acconciature al pari degli indumenti seguono delle tendenze ben precise spesso in linea con un mood che riporta in auge fogge del passato. Ecco alcuni hairstyle che ho studiato e che sono frutto di rielaborazioni di mode più vecchie.

Hairstyles like garments follow trends often in line with a mood that makes comeback styles of the past. Here are some hairstyles that I have studied that are the result of reworkings of older fashions. Follow me for more.

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1855 1955 50s hairstyle hisory fashion storia della moda fashion magazine fashion historian expert hairdresses victorian hair

Haistyle: 1855 vs 1955

1920s hairstyle hisory fashion storia della moda fashion magazine fashion historian expert hairdresses 20s cher louise brooks hair

Louise Brooks in 20s – Cher in 1972 by Richard Avedon

1940s hairstyle hisory fashion storia della moda fashion magazine fashion historian expert hairdresses 40s pinup

Tricia Helfer for Yves Saint Laurent in 1996 vs Betty Grable in 40s

1970s hairstyle hisory fashion storia della moda fashion magazine fashion historian expert hairdresses 70s gothic rolled hair raquel zimmermann guido palau copy elle pageboy

Pageboy from 70s to now with Alice Kastrup. Ph credit Filippo Del Vita for Creem Magazine

1970s hairstyle hisory fashion storia della moda fashion magazine fashion historian expert hairdresses 70s gothic rolled hair raquel zimmermann guido palau copy

Rolled Hair in 70s and Guido Palau from “Hair” 2014

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1940s waves and make-up from Hedy Lamarr to contemporary Katy Perry

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Supermodel Eve Salvail in glorious 1994 vs Dior men 2018

The #bighair of #PriscillaPresley in 1968 are now on #Valentino runway

The #bighair of #PriscillaPresley in 1968 are in 2018 on #Valentino runway

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The Macabre and the Grotesque in Fashion and Costume History“.

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Divas of Fascist Cinema

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Il volto scolpito nel marmo, uno sguardo insieme sensuale e spietato che allude all’erotismo più feroce di quei giorni bui. Le labbra violacee evidenziano un sorriso amaro, sprezzante, fiero del proprio sublime incanto. Sono le dive del cinema fascista, in un’Italia umiliata dalla guerra regnano sulle superfici dell’illusione per regalare un sogno a chi di illusione perisce.

The face sculpted in marble, a sensual and ruthless glance that alludes to the most ferocious eroticism of those dark days. The violet lips show a bitter, contemptuous smile, proud of its own sublime charm. They are the divas of Fascist cinema, in an Italy humiliated by war thay all reigns on the surfaces of illusion to give a dream to those who are diyng by illusion.

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alida valli fascismo cinema Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici nazi beauty creepy moda fashion history photography

Alida Valli – From a Fresh Look to a Dark Lady – Venturini

Alida Valli Ghergo Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici fascismo moda fashion history photography

Alida Valli. Ghergo

luisa ferida

Luisa Ferida

Leda Gloria

Seductive Leda Gloria – Ghergo

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Leda Gloria – Venturini

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Elisa Cegani – Ph unknown

Elisa Cegani magazine italia duce Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici fascismo moda fashion history photography

Elisa Cegani from in “LA CORONA DI FERRO” di Alessandro Blasetti, 1941. Winner of Coppa Mussolini award

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Clara Calami: the first italian “Dark Lady” actress

clara calamai profondo rosso nazismo nazi diva gothic fascismo cinema Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici nazi beauty creepy moda fashion history photography weird blogger

Clara Calamai. I think she worn Ferragamo platform shoes. Could be now

Elsa De Giorgi fascismo cinema Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici nazi beauty creepy moda fashion history photography

Elsa De Giorgi – Peek-a-Boo hairstyle. Ph Venturini

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A perfect face. Elsa De Giorgi

Doris Duranti hitler nazismo nazi diva gothic fascismo cinema Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici nazi beauty creepy moda fashion history photography

Amazing Beauty: Doris Duranti, the most loved by dictators

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Doris Duranti, the fascist actress, by Elio Luxardo

isa miranda marlene dietrich nazismo nazi diva gothic fascismo cinema Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici nazi beauty creepy moda fashion history photography

Isa Mirande: the platinum italian Dietrich

isa miranda marlene dietrich nazismo nazi diva gothic fascismo cinema Luciano Lapadula blog moda storia attrici nazi beauty creepy moda fashion history photography blogger hairstyle make

Isa Miranda, who arrived in Hollywood, was greeted with clamor by the public and by Paramount

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20s Flapper girls from China

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Una nuova tipologia di donna nasce in Cina durante gli anni ’20. La sfrenatezza della vita occidentale, legata al ritrovato benessere, invade l’Oriente e la sua moda che lentamente è sedotta dall’immagine à la Garçonne. Il pesante cerone, gli ombrellini di carta, i fascianti kimono in seta cedono il passo ad impalpabili abiti  in chiffon, a trucchi meno vistosi, ad acconciature “alla maschietta”. E si fa strada ad Hollywood la prima tra le attrici cinesi, Anna May Wong, destinata a divenire un’icona di stile per il mondo intero. Di seguito una selezione di immagini che testimoniano questa rivoluzione sociale e vestimentaria in Cina.

© COPYRIGHT: Luciano Lapadula

A kind of woman was born in China during the 1920s. The wildness of Western life, linked to the refounded welfare, invades the Orient and its fashion that was slowly seduced by the style “à la Garçonne”. The heavy make-up, the paper umbrellas, the kimono silk bindings give way to impalpable chiffon dresses, to less conspicuous make-up, to “boyish” hairstyles. And the first of the Chinese actresses, Anna May Wong, was making her way to Hollywood, destined to become a style icon for the whole world. Below for you a selection of images that testify to this social and clothing chinese revolution.

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Illustrazione cinese anni ’20. Due ballerine indossano un abito tradizionale chiamato Cheongsam, rivisitato per un look occidentale tipico della “Flapper Girl”. I capelli sono corti e in stile Garçonne. Calzature T-Bar. 

Cheongsam china shangai dancer 1920s 20s blog blogger fashion history luciano lapadula

Chinese illustration from the 20s. Two female dancers wear a dress called Cheongsam, rivisited in Western look, typical of the Flapper Girls. The hair is short and in Garçonne style. T-Bar shoes

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Ni Hongyan, Chinese film actress popular in the Chinese film industry in the late 1920s. Fashion Magazine and Amazing Belt (seems to be a modern Alaya!) for this beautiful girl in her swimsuit

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Silk Socks, Waves Hairstyle and Cigarette for a smoking flapper

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Huang Huilan wife of the  Chinese diplomat Wellington Koo, popular in the western world as Madame Wellington Koo or Hui-lan Koo

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still Madame Wellington Koo

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Two asian ladies in 20s fashionable outfits

Here is Anna May Wong visiting Chicago 20s china fashion 1920s history chinese women

March 25, 1928. Here is Anna May Wong visiting Chicago. Trousers, Mary Jane shoes and Cloche hat for the first Chinese American Hollywood movie star, as well as the first Chinese American actress to gain international recognition

Anna May Wong

“The Dangerous” Anna May Wong

the dangerous Anna May Wong

Anna May Wong a glamorous Femme Fatale. 1928

Anna May Wong -1929 photo by Paul Tanqueray cloche fur

Anna May Wong in 20s

Anna May Wong -1929 photo by Paul Tanqueray

Anna May Wong -1929 photo by Paul Tanqueray

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Skoptsy Sect: castration in the name of Christ – Eunuchi per il Regno dei Cieli

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La storia si ripete ciclicamente, esibendoci fragilità, paure, speranze, illusioni e chimere proprie dell’animo umano. Così dai «mille non più mille» al fuoco di nuove apocalissi lo spazio temporale pare ridursi a pochi attimi, e quella parte buia del Medio Evo torna a insinuarsi nel tessuto sociale, nella fede religiosa.

Questa volta siamo nella Russia di metà ‘700, regno di “Caterina la Grande“, imperatrice sedotta dalla modernità del pensiero francese, che voleva la sconfitta dell’insensatezza da parte della razionalità. Tuttavia il popolo rappresentato da Caterina II, in gran parte troppo povero, era avulso al fascino delle élite come a quello del pensiero razionale. Lo scisma del 1656 aveva diviso la società in “nuovi” e “vecchi” credenti, e a quest’ultima schiera appartenevano – dopo cento anni – i tanti contadini ridotti in miseria. Il bisogno di certezze esistenziali, la speranza – l’unica – di un riscatto post mortem, la convinzione accesa di una vicina fine dell’umanità, furono i focolai dell’incredibile e devastante ritorno al credo eretico proveniente da un passato che si credeva dimenticato.

La più importante tra le varie sette costituite in quel periodo fu quella degli “skoptsy” parola che deriva dal termine “skopets” ossia castrato. Fu infatti il tragico rituale dell’evirazione il caposaldo su cui quel credo si basò.

Ancora una volta il sesso tornò ad essere vissuto come il più terribile dei peccati, frutto proibito offerto dal demonio, tentazione irrinunciabile a cui potersi sottrarre solo mutilando e così estirpando organi e desiderio dal corpo e dall’animo. Quella fede trasse la propria identità da una alterata interpretazione del Vangelo di Matteo,  precisamente dal passo in cui è descritto il dialogo sul divorzio tra i discepoli e Cristo. Mentre loro asseriscono che per evitare la separazione, forse sarebbe meglio per l’uomo non sposare la donna, Gesù risponde: «Non tutti possono capirlo, ma solo coloro ai quali è stato concesso. Vi sono infatti eunuchi che sono nati così dal ventre della madre; ve ne sono alcuni che sono stati resi eunuchi dagli uomini, e vi sono altri che si sono fatti eunuchi per il regno dei cieli. Chi può capire, capisca» (Matteo 19:11-12)

Spinti dal fanatismo più assoluto, i fedeli si convinsero che “il battesimo del fuoco” di Cristo fosse una metafora della sua castrazione, che faceva quindi del Messia il primo tra gli eunuchi. Dalla delirante rilettura dei passi biblici derivò la certezza che Adamo ed Eva fossero stati creati da Dio privi di organi sessuali e che solo dopo esser caduti in tentazione questi si sarebbero sviluppati sui loro corpi.

A indottrinare i proseliti fu il mistico fondatore della setta, Kondratij Selivanov. Il suo spaventoso motto descriveva la pratica di auto evirazione a cui si era sottoposto: «Datemi dunque la mia spada, ché tagli con la destra la testa del serpente

Serafico nell’aspetto, dotato di notevole intelligenza e grande magnetismo, segnò la storia delle Russia, terra sempre attratta da personaggi carismatici e scismi religiosi. In breve riuscì a spopolare tra le genti, passando dalla campagna ai salotti alla moda dell’aristocrazia di San Pietroburgo e Mosca. All’interno di quelle stanze, sempre al piano superiore della casa, metafora del Cielo, il santone si presentava disteso su un baldacchino, con indosso paramenti sontuosi, circondato da scenografie mistiche fortemente evocative, ossessive.

Divisi per camere in base al sesso, i presenti, tra loro molti bambini, ardevano ipnotizzati dalla presenza del “dio fatto uomo”, e in rituali che dallo spirituale sfociavano nel turpe, si abbandonavano a canti e danze scatenate, isteriche. Spesso durante queste cerimonie avveniva che i «maestri» usassero forbici e coltelli per intervenire sul corpo e sull’anima degli iniziati. Così alle donne era praticata l’amputazione del seno, e la “clitoridectomia” con l’ablazione di parte delle piccole e grandi labbra. Agli uomini, anche ai fanciulli, era invece inflitta l’asportazione dello scroto e dei testicoli. Spaventoso era il rituale del «sigillo imperiale» che invece prevedeva la completa evirazione del pene. Al termine degli interventi i nuovi eunuchi urlavano: «Cristo è risorto.»

Le oblazioni dei nobili introdussero sempre maggior denaro nelle casse dei maestri della setta, i quali assetati di ricchezza presero a ostacolarsi l’un l’altro, fino a sancire con denunce e maldicenze il proprio epilogo. Nel 1820 anche Selivanov venne arrestato, fatto che inflisse il corpo mortale agli skoptsy. Un ultimo baluardo della congrega si registrò in Romania intorno al 1880.

Kondratij, uomo che passò dalla povertà della vita contadina ai palazzi di potere degli Zar, morì a centodue anni, non riuscendo solo per poco ad assistere alla nascita di colui che avrebbe oscurato la sua presenza per fama o infamia, Grigorij Efimovič Rasputin, ma questa è un’altra storia.

Luciano Lapadula

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History repeats itself cyclically, exhibiting fragility, fears, hopes, illusions and chimeras of the human soul. So from the “thousand no more thousand” to the fire of new apocalypses the temporal space seems to be reduced to a few moments, and that dark part of the Middle Ages returns to creep into the social fabric, into religious faith.

This time we are in mid-eighteenth-century Russia, the reign of “Catherine the Great”, an empress who looked at the modernity of French thought, which at the time wanted the defeat of senselessness on the part of rationality. However, the people represented by Catherine II, largely too poor, were free from the charm of the elites as well as that of rational thought. The schism of 1656 had divided society into “new” and “old” believers, and to this last group belonged – after a hundred years – the many farmers reduced to poverty. The need for existential certainties, the hope – the only one – of a post mortem redemption, the burning conviction of a near end of humanity, were the outbreaks of the incredible and devastating return to the heretical belief from a past that was thought to have been forgotten .

The most important  sect constituted in that period was that of the word “skoptsy” which derives from the term “skopets” or castrated. It was in fact the tragic ritual of the emasculation the cornerstone on which that creed was based.

Once again sex returned to being lived as the most terrible of sins, the forbidden fruit offered by the devil, an indispensable temptation to be escaped only by mutilating and thus extirpating organs and desire from the body and soul. That faith drew its own identity from an altered interpretation of the Gospel of Matthew, precisely from the passage in which the dialogue between the disciples and Christ on divorce is described. While they assert that to avoid it, perhaps it would be better for the man not to marry the woman, Jesus answers them: “All cannot accept this saying, but only those to whom it has been given: 12 For there are a]”>[a]eunuchs who were born thus from their mother’s womb, and there are eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven’s sake. He who is able to accept it,let him accept it.”(Matthew 19: 11-12)

Driven by the most absolute fanaticism, the faithful were convinced that the “baptism of fire” of Christ was a metaphor of his castration, which therefore made the Messiah the first among the eunuchs. From the delirious rereading of the biblical passages came the certainty that Adam and Eve were created by God devoid of sexual organs and that only after falling into temptation would they develop on their bodies.

The mystic founder of the sect, Kondratij Selivanov, indoctrinated the proselytes. His frightful motto described the practice of self-castration to which he had submitted: “Give me then my sword, for you cut the serpent’s head with your right hand.”

Seraphic in appearance, endowed with considerable intelligence and great magnetism, he marked the history of Russia, a land always attracted by charismatic characters and religious schisms. In short, he succeeded in depopulating among the peoples, passing from the countryside to the fashionable salons of the St. Petersburg and Moscow aristocrats. Inside those rooms, always on the top floor of the house, a metaphor of Heaven, the saint stood out on a canopy, wearing sumptuous vestments, surrounded by mystical, strongly evocative, obsessive sets.

Divided into rooms based on sex, those present, among them many children, burned hypnotized by the presence of the “god made man”, and in rituals that flowed from the spiritual into the absurd, were abandoned to hysterical songs and dances. Often during these ceremonies it happened that the “masters” used scissors and knives to intervene on the body and soul of the initiates. So women were given breast amputation, and “clitoridectomy” with the ablation of part of the small and large lips. For men, even for children, the removal of the scrotum and the testicles was instead inflicted. The ritual of the “imperial seal” was rather frightening, which instead provided for the complete emasculation of the penis. At the end of the interventions the new eunuchs shouted: “Christ is risen.”

The oblations of the nobles introduced more and more money into the coffers of the masters of the sect, who, thirsty for wealth, began to obstruct one another, until their epilogue was ratified with denunciations and slander. In 1820 also Selivanov was arrested, which inflicted the mortal body on skoptsy. One last bastion of the coven was registered in Romania around 1880.

Kondratij, a man who passed from the poverty of peasant life to the palaces of power of the Tsar, died at one hundred and two years, not being able to witness the birth of one who would have obscured his presence for fame or infamy, Grigorij Efimovič Rasputin, but this is another story.

Luciano Lapadula

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Kondratii Selivanov

Kondratii Selivanov, (Кондратий Селиванов) founder of Skoptsy-movement. Drawing from early 19th cantury

from The Study of the Scopic Heresy 1844

From: “Study of the Skoptsy Heresy” – 1844

Devices for emasculating

razor blades and knives used for emasculation

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Russian man and woman portrayed in a cabinet card. she shows her amputated breasts

Skoptsy evirated boy

Sad young boy in a cabinet card shows his penis amputated according to the practice that they called “imperial seal”

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Spirit Photography – Fotografia spiritica tra ‘800 e ‘900

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È la fine del XIX secolo, il mondo pare cambiare troppo vorticosamente. Il metallo svetta dal cemento delle metropoli e promette di toccare il cielo. Nuove generazioni si scontrano con quelle vecchie, i cabaret sono affollati da “cocotte”, i bar da artisti che annegano nell’assenzio insieme alle prostitute. La domenica si indossa l’abito buono, chi può permetterselo sfoggia quello bianco. Cambia il modo di ricordare, la fotografia sostituisce le tele dei pittori, e ci descrive di quella strana moda che imperversò durante l’epoca vittoriana giungendo ai primi decenni del nuovo secolo: lo spiritismo. Dalla Russia degli Zar a  Villa Santa Barbara di Cefalù personaggi carismatici, mistici, visionari muovono folle di adepti assetati di conoscere i segreti della vita e della morte. Il clima di trasformazione sociale, i nuovi mostruosi mondi generati dal capitalismo, generano ansia, terrore, malattia. Tubercolosi e sifilide sono solo due tra i tanti virus che decimano impietosi uomini e donne, i dagherrotipi cercano di fermare inutilmente quelle esistenze, ma sono solo fotografie. Allora ci si riunisce in casa, nel salotto, si chiudono le pesanti tende in broccato e intorno a un tavolo solitamente con tre gambe, le mani dei presenti si stringono in una catena, e il medium invoca una presenza. Di seguito una selezione di immagini d’epoca che testimonia la pratica dello spiritismo tra la fine del 1800 e l’inizio del 1900. Come tutte le tendenze, numerosi fiorirono i gabinetti fotografici esperti nel ritrarre quelle immagini che presero il nome di “fotografie spiritiche”.  Alcune tra queste sono frutto di un abile e antesignana pratica di fotoritocco, i cui effetti speciali hanno contribuito ad alimentare come vento sul fuoco le fiamme della speranza, il morbo della conoscenza, consumando le struggenti notti di quel tempo perduto.

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It’s the end of the Nineteenth century, the world seems to change too vortically. Metal stands out from the cemented streets of the metropolises and promises to touch the sky. New generations clash with old ones, cabarets are crowded with “cocottes”, bars by artists drowning in absinthe along with prostitutes. On Sundays people wear the “good dress”, a white one if wealthy. The way to remember changes, photography replaces the paintings, and describes that strange fashion that raged during the Victorian Age reaching the first decades of the new century: spiritualism. From Tsars’ Russia to Villa Santa Barbara in Cefalù, charismatic, mystical and visionary characters move crowds of adepts eager for knowing the secrets of life and death. The mood of general social transformation, the new monstrous worlds created by capitalism, generate anxiety, terror, disease. Tuberculosis and syphilis are just two of the many viruses that merciless decimate men and women, daguerreotypes try to uselessly stop those existences, but they are only photographs. Hence people meet at home, in the living room, they close the heavy brocade curtains and around a table with three legs the hands of those present are clutched in a chain, and the medium invokes the presence. Below you can find a selection of antique images proving the practice of spiritualism between the late 1800s and early 1900s. Like all the trends, there bloomed numerous photographic cabinets, specialized in portraying those images that took the name of “spiritual photographs”. Some of those images are the result of a skilled and precursor practice of photo editing, which special effects have helped to fuel the flames of hope, the morbidness of knowledge like the wind on the fire, consuming the poignant nights of that lost time.

 

Special Thanks for supporting translation SERENA BARTOLO

Luciano Lapadula

Spirit-Photography1

Victorian couple with ghost of daughter

Katie King fu il nome di uno tra i più famosi – presunti – fantasmi che sul finire dell’Ottocento presero forma grazie alla medium Florence Cook, fu così che gli spiritisti attribuirono lo stesso nome alla materializzazione spiritica di quegli anni.

Katie King was a popular ghost evocated by Florence Cook, and was already the name given by Spiritualists in the 1870s to what they believed to be a materialized spirit. The question of whether the spirit was real or a fraud was a notable public controversy of the mid-1870s.

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Katie King materialized, photograph of Sir William Crookes

Eusapia Palladino, nata nel 1854 a Minervino Murge, in provincia di Bari: Fu una tra le medium più conosciute e accreditate di tutti i tempi. L’iniziazione allo spiritismo avvenne quando, lavorando come cameriera presso una benestante famiglia, iniziò a prendere parte alle sedute  organizzate nella lussuosa dimora. Fu durante quelle sedute che si verificarono fenomeni mai accaduti prima, che furono attribuiti alla presenza della giovane. Nella sua carriera di occultista ebbe fama mondiale affascinando aristocratici e scienziati, tra i quali Cesare Lombroso e persino Pierre e Marie Curie.

Eusapia Palladino, born in 1854 in Minervino Murge, near Bari: she was one of the best known and accredited mediums of all time. The initiation into spiritism came when, working as a waitress with a rich family, she began to take part in the sessions inside the luxurious home. It was during those sessions that phenomena never happened before were ascribed to the presence of the young woman. In her career as an occultist she gained world fame by captivating aristocrats and scientists, including Cesare Lombroso and even Pierre and Marie Curie.

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Eusapia Palladino Hands. Collection Tony Oursler

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The well-know italian medium Eusapia Palladino during a spiritual seance

Seance with Eusapia Palladino at the home of Camille Flammario 1898

Eusapia Palladino at the home of Camille Flammarion, Rue Cassini. Full levitation of a table. 12 November 1898

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Victorian Spiritualism Movement Seance conducted by John Beattie in Bristol in England, 1872

vintage History ghost 1920s ghosts levitation

Ghost levitation

Amazing spirit photography by astonishing William Hope: english author, photographer, sailor, and body-builder

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William Hope

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William Hope

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William Hope

French medium Marthe Beraud aka Eva Carriere

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Materialização ectoplásmica eva carriere 1912

A young woman face appear from ectoplasm by Eva Carriére  – 1912

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1912: Eva Carriere has a spiritic light between her hands and a materialization on her head.

Richard Boursnell (1832 – 1909), medium e fotografo britannico esperto in immagini spiritiche. Suoi alcuni tra i più intensi scatti mai realizzati su questo tema.

Richard Boursnell (1832 – 1909), medium and British photographer expert in spiritual images. His some of the most intense shots ever made on this subject.

Richard Boursnell - Spirit Photographer c.1908

Robert Boursnell, Self-Portrait with Spirits, Silver print cabinet card, March 1902

Robert Boursnell, Self-Portrait with Spirits, Silver print cabinet card

spitism photography

Frederick A. Hudson (England)
Mr. Raby with the Spirits “Countess,” “James Lombard,” “Tommy,” and the Spirit of Mr. Wootton’s Mother.
circa 1875 – from www.photographymuseum.com

M. Parkes (England), Mrs. Collins & Her Husband's Father, Recognized by Several, Albumen carte de visite, 1875

M. Parkes (England), Mrs. Collins & Her Husband’s Father, Recognized by Several, 1875

Spesso durante le sedute medianiche si materializzava, o si supponeva si materializzasse, una sostanza semi liquida che fuoriusciva dagli orifizi del medium, a cui lo scienziato Charles Richet dette il nome di ectoplasma. Questo poteva assumere svariate forme, riconducibili all’esistenza del trapassato.

Often during the seance sessions, a semi-liquid substance materialized, or was supposed to materialize, it came out of the medium’s orifices, to which the scientist Charles Richet gave the name of ectoplasm. It could take many forms, attributable to the existence of the person who passed away.

According to spiritualists, it was a substance that would be externalized by the bodily orifices of the medium during a séance.

ectoplasm regurgitation

The ectoplasm comes out as a regurgitation from the mouth of the medium into a trance

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F. C. E. Dimmick (England) blog

C. E. Dimmick (England)
“Mrs. Dorothy Henderson. Head bent forward, hands controlled and Ectoplasm covering her lap.”
October 2, 1928 – www.photographymuseum.com

W. J. Crawford - The psychic structures at the Goligher circle

W. J. Crawford – The psychic structures at the Goligher circle

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Ectoplasm from Kathleen Goligher

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A well-known medium, Mina “Margery” Crandon conducting a séance

The famous medium Mina “Margery” Crandon (1889 – 1941) conducting a séance – late 20s

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dangerous ectoplasm for Mina “Margery” Crandon

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Look down, on the right

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Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler – 1922

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Stripes & Disorders from fashion in 1914 – 1915

 

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger photography rivista striped cover magazine lampoon

Quello della striscia come motivo ornamentale o pattern per indumenti merita una riflessione approfondita. Mi limito qui, in sintesi, a farvi riflettere sul ruolo che questa geometria assume nel campo della semiologia e quindi della storia del costume. La riga, la striatura, la striscia, riveste il corpo interrompendo in modo violento un “tutto” sottoesposto generando così in chi guarda l’abito – e allora chi lo indossa – un senso di confusione, misto a eccitazione e persino ricusazione. Come il simbolo di un divieto, quello di un’allerta, o come una sbarra che impedisce un passaggio, la striscia nel suo consueto bicolore, cattura l’attenzione spezzando la regola dell’uniforme: irriverente e ribelle diviene alla moda intorno al 1914 – 1915, e non a caso. La Belle Époque con la sua sfrenatezza cancella il ruolo della donna “angelo del focolare” in virtù di una nuova figura emancipata, pronta a riprendere il proprio ruolo sociale. I venti di guerra poi, soffiano tra le strade delle città, profumando l’aria di polvere da sparo. La riga così spunta violenta dalle tele di Egon Schiele e dagli abiti di Paul Poiret, comparendo sui vestiti delle signore alla moda, simbolo del tempo nuovo e della pericolosità di quello futuro.

That of the stripe as an ornamental motif or garment pattern deserves a thorough reflection. In short, I limit myself here to reflect on the role that this geometry assumes in the field of semiology and therefore of the history of customs. The line, the streak, the strip, covers the body violently interrupting a “whole” underexposed thus generating in the viewer the dress – and then the wearer – a sense of confusion, mixed with excitement and even rejection. As the symbol of a ban, that of an alert, or like a bar that prevents a passage, the strip in its usual two-color, catches the attention breaking the rule of the uniform: irreverent and rebel becomes fashionable around 1914 – 1915, and not by chance. The Belle Époque with its wilderness cancels the role of the woman “angel of the hearth” by virtue of a new emancipated figure, ready to resume its social role. The winds of war then, blow through the streets of the city, smelling the air of gunpowder. The line so violent check on the clothes of fashionable ladies, symbol of the new time and the danger of the future.

Portrait of Edith Schiele in a Striped Dress - Egon Schiele, 1915

Egon Schiele Portrait of Edith Schiele in a Striped Dress – 1915

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger quadro schiele arte museo lgano ferrara piacenza

Egon Schiele and wife Edith (muse) with Striped Dress Sitting, ca 1915. – artwork by Schiele 1915 – Emilie Louise Flöge – 1914 – wearing one of Gustav Klimt’s dress shirts that he made just for her

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger

Matisse – Striped Jacket, 1914

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger quadro

Viv in Blue Stripe, 1914 – Robert Henri (

llustration de mode française Georges Barbier petit manteau de velours dans costumes parisiens 1914 stripes

French Illustration by Georges Barbierfor Costumes Parisiens – 1914

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The Delineator – July 1914

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger quadro magazine illusyration plates

Fashion Plate from The Delineator – July 1914

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger photography rivista

The Modern Priscilla, October 1915

Les Modes (Paris) 1914 Costume tailleur par Redfern

Les Modes, Paris – 1914 Costume tailleur by Redfern

Les Modes (Paris) 1914 Robe d'apres-midi par Zimmermann

Les Modes, Paris – 1914 Robe d’apres-midi byZ immermann

stripes history fashion blog magazine blogger 1910 1900s 1914 1915 art arte moda storia luciano lapadula costume scrittore blogger photography

1914 c. fashion for a day at the races

fashion history stripes moda righe luciano lapadula blog blogger olga skott 1914 1915 20s

Olga Skott Vänersborg – 1914, by K & A Vikner – Vänersborg Museum

1915 a fool there was

Theda Bara in a scene from the film ‘A Fool There Was’ 1915

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Theda Bara in a scene from the film ‘A Fool There Was’ 1915

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